Monthly Archives: April 2013
Bicuspid aortic valve, Arotic coarctation ，
sx occur after calcification inducing AS or AR
-pan-systolic murmur: VSD, MR,
sugery indication: -aortic stenosis include a gradient of 50 mmHg or more, – or associated symptoms such as syncope, breathlessness and episodes of pulmonary oedema.
In medicine, flash pulmonary edema (FPE), is rapid onset pulmonary edema. -It is most often precipitated by acute myocardial infarction or mitral regurgitation, but can be caused by aortic regurgitation, heart failure, or almost any cause of elevated left ventricular … Continue reading